On 3rd. September, the Catalan army, led by King Jaume I, landed
at Santa Ponça and laid siege to the city. On 31st December, the king finally entered Medina Mayurqa through the Bab al Kofol Gate. Some
30,000 Moors escaped to the mountains but almost as many were massacred in the town. There were thousands of dead bodies that could
not be buried so that an epidemic broke out among the conquerors causing many deaths. The nobles (by rank but obviously not by nature)
were all for taking their loot and leaving rather than sharing it with their troops. This led to a revolt among the troops, and the division
of spoils did not end until 30 April of the following year. This gave the Moors in the mountains time to organise their resistance. The
Abu Yahya, however, took refuge in the Almudaina Palace and surrendered three months after the Conquest, whereupon he was brutally
tortured until he died.
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On his return to Catalonia, Jaume I
appointed Bernat de Santa Eugénia as governor in his stead. He also gave orders for the Cathedral to be built and,
on a subsequent visit, the castles of Pollença, Alaro and Santueri to defend his new realm.
|Approximate birth date of Ramon Llull,
poet, writer, essayist, who was the first author of note to write his work in the Catalan language. Two opposing
schools of thought - one considers him worthy of sainthood and the other to be a heretic. Modern research suggests
he may have been the victim of thirteenth century intrigues.
First documentary evidence of the Spanish
Inquisition in Mallorca, introduced by Jaume in 1233 to prevent any vernacular translation of the Bible. The king was
said to have been much influenced by his confessor, Ramon de Penyafort.
Death of Jaume the Conqueror. Unfortunately
his military astuteness did not extend to his political awareness and he divided his kingdom between his two sons,
Pere the Great of Aragon and Jaume II of Mallorca. This was the beginning of the briefly independent Kingdom of Mallorca.
Alfons III, son of Pere the Great,
seized power and his uncle was forced to flee the Island.
The successor of Alfons III returned
the kingdom to Jaume II and this was the start of a prosperous reign which saw the foundation of 11 towns,
the building of Bellver Castle and reforms to the Almudaina Palace.
Jaume II died and was succeeded by
his son Sanç who enlarged the fleet and built a palace in Valldemossa.
Jaume III, nephew of Sanç, and
only nine years old, became king. The Consolat de Mar was established on the Island.
However, Pere IV of Aragon (successor to Alfons IV),
known as the Ceremonious, revived his predecessor's ambition of taking over the Kingdom of Mallorca and Jaume III was forced to
flee to Rosselló.
Jaume III returned with a small troop to regain
his kingdom. Unfortunately, he was defeated and killed at the Battle of Llucmajor and although his successor Jaume IV attempted
to regain his father's realm, he was unsuccessful and this was the end of the independent Kingdom of Mallorca.