Incensed by Balearic piracy,
Rome sent an expedition led by the Roman consul Quintus Cecilius Metelus to teach the Islanders the error of
their ways. Well aware of the fame of the Mallorcan slingers in battle, the Consul took the precaution of
covering the outside of his vessels with leather. This deadened the force of the stones hurled by the slingers
and victory followed although it had taken two years to achieve, such was the ferocity and marksmanship of the Island defenders.
Two thousand Romans were left on the Island and subsequently 3,000 colonists joined them
and spread through the Island or settled around the Almudaina Palace -the first part of the city to be walled-
and Pollentia in the northeast, the site of a Phoenician settlement. Pollentia was the port for Roman cities to
the northwest Mediterranean, Palmeria the port used for trading with Carthage and the remainder of Africa. The
Palma-Pollentia road follows the ancient Roman way very closely, although the site of Tuccis, known to be a
staging post, has still not been identified.
Palmeria itself was a Roman camp, founded on the remains of a talayot settlement. Its strategic location
brought increased trade and prosperity to the Island. New farming methods introduced by the Romans led to the
production of wheat and wine. Olive trees were imported and the salt production flourished.