Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Sixteenth Century Mallorca
Once again the poor rose up against the rich landlords in an uprising known as les germanies. This time the "agermanats"or peasants, seized and entered Palma, sacking the mansions of the rich, many of whom had fled to find refuge behind the walls of Alcúdia in the north of the Island. Although the rebels were, in fact, loyal to Carlos I, he not unnaturally supported his nobles and ordered reprisals. The leader, Joanot Colom, was tortured and beheaded and his head displayed at the gate close to the Santa Margalida Church..

Birth of Catalina Tomás Gallard in Valldemossa, the Island's only saint. Known as the Beateta, she entered the Santa Magdalena Convent in Palma in 1555. She was credited with many miracles throughout her life, and after her death in 1574, the Islanders turned her into a cult figure. The Church disapproved and her worship was forbidden by Pope Urban VIII in 1625. However, in 1792 she was beatified by Pope Pius VI and made a saint by Pope Pius XI in 1930. Her tomb is in the Santa Magdalena Convent Church, and her body is said to show no signs of decay. Her fiesta is celebrated on 28th July.
Charles I of Spain, also known as Charles V the Holy Roman Emperor, accompanied by a huge retinue paid his second visit to Palma between 13th and 18th October, on his way to conquer Algeria. He was received with great pomp and splendour and several triumphal arches were erected in his honour.
Work began on the last of the five walls protecting Palma. However, escalating costs meant that it was not completed until 1801, only a few decades before the explosive growth of the city led to its being demolished.