Ses Paisses Artā, Mallorca

Balearic Slingers. Battle Honours.
Five hundred Balearic slingers went with the Carthaginians to Sicily to punish the Agrigentines.

378 BC
On the march against Dionysus the Elder, the tyrant of Syracuse, they provided 300 more as reinforcements. In the Sicily campaign the presence of the Balearic slingers was decisive in the victory by General Hanno.
311 BC
Battle of Eknomos. One thousand Balearic slingers fought with Hamilcar and defeated of the Greeks.
276 BC
Once again the islanders served in the Carthaginian army in Sicily against Pyrrhus, compelling him to abandon Sicily.
241 BC
Three hundred Mallorcans fought at the famous Battle of the Aegates Islands against the Romans led by Gaius Lutatius Catalus where the Romans were the victors. Unwilling to give the impression that he had been defeated, Hamilcar Barca had the Carthaginian war hero, Gesco, negotiate with Lutatius. This saw the end of the First Punic War. Many of the Carthaginian mercenaries had not received their pay for months, and they revolted. It was a motley crew of Greeks, Spanish, Balearic Islanders, Gauls, and Libyans that now marched on Tunis. Once again Gesco was chosen as the negotiator. He tried to talk to the rebels but they tortured him to death.
219 BC
The Siege of Sagunto opened the Second Punic war when Hannibal was accompanied by eleven hundred and fifty slingers from the Balearic Islands. Previously he had stationed 870 in Africa and left 500 with Hasdrubal in Spain.
216 BC
Battle of Cannae. Fifteen hundred Iberian casualties. Polybius mentions the Iberians with “their short linen tunics bordered with purple stripes”. And that both sides fought with conspicuous gallantry. Victory to the Carthaginians.
214 BC
The Mallorcan slingers joined the forces of the Roman general Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus and fought against the Carthaginians, who had the Minorcans on their side.
206 BC
When Mago, brother of Hannibal, attempted to land upon the greater of the Balearic islands (Majorca), the inhabitants hurled their sling-stones in such numbers upon his ships that he was not able even to enter the harbour.
202 BC
Battle of Zama where Hannibal placed his eighty elephants in the front line and behind them his twelve thousand mercenaries including the Balearic slingers. Carthage was finally defeated bringing to an end the Second Punic War.
200 BC
The funditores, or slingers from the Balearic Islands, almost always accompanied Roman legions in their campaigns throughout the Mediterranean.
110 BC
Jugurthine War. Accompanied the Romans in their victory over Jugurtha, of Numidia, the most important kingdom in Africa after the fall of Carthage in 146 BC.
55 BC
The slingers accompanied Julius Caesar during his Gallic Wars and were lined up on the decks of his ships to bring fear to the natives when he invaded the Britain. Livy, the Roman historian, wrote that by his time (59-17BC) although the sling was their chief weapon it was no longer their only one.